Marseille (Marseilles in English) is the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region (PACA) and with 858 120 inhabitants, it is the second largest city in France.
Founded under the name Massalía around 600 BC, by Greeks coming from Phocaea (now Foça in Turkey), Marseille is the oldest city in France. Since its foundation, Massalia/Marseille became an important commercial and passenger port. The opening of Marseille on the Mediterranean sea has made it a cosmopolitan city and a crossroads for cultural and economic exchanges with Southern Europe, the Near East, North Africa and Asia. Marseille is named the “Gate of the Orient”.
Marseille is accessible by plane and train (TGV) from the main cities in France. Middle (Brussels, Muncher, Francfort, Roma …) and long haul flights (Canada, Middle East, Indian Ocean, Africa …) serve also Marseille.
The climate of Marseille is typically Mediterranean. The city enjoys an exceptional duration of sunshine, with more than 2800 hours of sunshine per year. In May, the average temperature in Marseille is 18 °C.
Up to date informations are available on the web site of the Tourism Office of Marseille.